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Jeanette Mair, Housing, Planning & Development Executive CIF
The Government’s Action Plan on housing “Rebuilding Ireland” was launched on 19th July 2016. It is hugely ambitious envisaging an output level of over 25,000 units per annum between 2017 – 2021. The plan addresses issues relating to the planning, infrastructure and development/construction of new housing developments. However, its success also depends on the inclusion of measures to support the first time buyer in Budget 2017 and the results of the review of the Central Bank’s mortgage rules.
Recent housing building activity data shows us where we’re at and how far we have to go to achieve these targets:
– 2,257 residential units were registered January to May 2016. A 43.4% increase in developer-led activity on the same period in 2015.
– 4,066 residential units were commenced January to May 2016; an increase of 1,136 units during the same period in 2015. Individual/One-off housing units represent just under 38% of total commencements.
– 5,587 residential units were completed January to May 2016. This is a 22.3% increase in activity for the same period in 2015 and a 17.5% increase year on year to the end of May 2016. The average monthly completion figure currently stands at 1,117 units.
– The 5,587 residential units completed in first five months of 2016 broken down by type:
- Individual Units: 2,244 units or 40.2%
- Scheme Units: 2,366 units or 42.3%
- Apartments: 977 units or 17.5%
This data does show an increase in new house building activity on 2015. However, this increase must be measured against a very low base historically. It also shows that at the current rate of increase, we will not meet the targets envisaged in the Housing Plan, unless decisive action is taken.
The expected number of units coming onto the Irish housing market by end 2016 and into 2017 falls far below short- and medium-term market demand. As seen in recent reports from the Banking & Payments Federation and Daft the restricted supply of new housing units is impacting on the level of mortgage transactions, as well as continuing to put upward pressure on prices and rents nationally.
The Central Statistics Office (CSO) recently released some preliminary results from Census 2016 showing areas of population growth and decline. The preliminary results show that the total population increased by 169,724 since 2011 to 4,757,976. Population change varied widely across the country ranging from a high of over 8% in Fingal to a low of -1.5% in Donegal. The fastest growing counties were the four administrative areas of Dublin, along with the commuter belt counties of Meath, Kildare and Laois and the cities of Cork and Galway. Interestingly the five cities of Dublin, Cork, Galway, Limerick and Waterford have all grown faster than their surrounding counties.
The Census 2016 results will assist in the delivery of the National Planning Framework by the end of 2016. In publishing ‘A Programme for a Partnership Government’ (May 2016), the Government has reaffirmed its intention to deliver a successor to the National Spatial Strategy (NSS) in the form of a new National Planning Framework (NPF).
The NPF will be the long-term, 20 year strategy for the spatial development of Ireland that will focus the key underlying principles of quality of life, sustainable economic growth and the environment. The NPF will influence regional strategies and county development plans as it will be the central planning policy document for the country and through this it will provide a clear vision to guide future development and investment decisions.
The IHBA and CIF have already taken part in dedicated consultation days for key stakeholders where our members shared their professional experience and contributed to the discussion on the formation of the new NPF. Consultation will continue over the remainder of 2016 and we will be making a comprehensive submission on the draft NPF once it is published at the end of the year. Members’ views will be sought at Branch, Association and Committee levels.
Source: Dept. Housing, Planning, Community & Local Government